has a tangy lemon flavor and creamy texture which comes from using equal
amounts of lemon juice, heavy whipping cream, and milk.
Cream Sandwiches combine delicious chocolate cookies filled with white
chocolate chips and pumpkin ice cream.
Man has always desired a cool drink when
the weather turns hot. Although if we want a drink today all we need to do
is walk to the refrigerator, this was not in case in centuries gone as
refrigerators in every home only happened in the early 20th century and ice
making machines were not invented until the 1850s. It seems amazing now
but for centuries the only way people living in hot climates could cool
their drinks was to have first gathered ice and snow from mountain tops and
frozen rivers and lakes. They would bring back huge blocks of ice and snow
to their village on horseback or by boat and place it in large dug out pits
where the ice would be packed and insulated with grasses, leaves and furs. The pit would then be covered with wooden planks and the ice stored until the
summer months when it was used to cool their drinks. The collecting of snow and
ice in North America became a prosperous business during the winter months. Ice
would be collected from frozen lakes and shipped not only to the warmer southern
states but to many other parts of the world.
The people of the Middle East, with its hot
climate, had to go to great lengths to gather and store the ice and snow. One popular drink, cooled with the ice and snow and sold by street vendors
during the summer months, was the Sherbet. Sherbet was a non alcoholic
sweetened fruit drink known as 'sharab'.
As time went on alcohol was added to this drink so a new name 'sharbat'
was given to the original non alcoholic fruit drink. By the 16th
century ice houses were being built in Europe and the sharbat
also made its way to Europe where it became very popular. In Italy the fruit
drink was called sorbetto (from the verb sorboire meaning 'to sip'), in France
it was called sorbet, in Spain it was called sorbete and the English called it
sherbet. Over time, and with the advent of making artificial ice,
sorbets/sherbets were sometimes frozen and were either served as a drink
or eaten with a spoon.
Marco Polo has often been credited with bringing
ice cream to Europe from China. This story
may or may not be true, but Italy is definitely where ice cream
established its roots. The English quickly adopted ice cream as
they have long enjoyed foods containing milk. Ice cream and ices spread to
America with the first record of it being served was in the 1740s at a
dinner given by the Governor of Maryland. Ice cream quickly spread aided
by the commercial business of ice harvesting in the Northern States. Before long, even in New Orleans (1808) vendors were selling ice cream daily. With our
love of ice cream came many new inventions, the first hand cranked ice
cream freezer (1846), the sundae (1874), the ice cream cone (1904), the
chocolate covered ice cream bar (1919), and the ice cream sandwich,
banana split, ice cream cake, and chocolate covered ice cream bar on a
stick (the Good Humor Ice Cream Sucker) in
the 1920s. So much a symbol of America that in the 1920s when
immigrants arrived at Ellis Island we would serve them ice cream as part
of their first meal in America.
If you have never
made ice cream before then you are in for a treat. The
texture of homemade ice cream is so creamy and smooth and the flavor so
pure, you will not want to ever buy commercial ice creams again.
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Mythology. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 2000.
An A-Z of Food & Drink. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
The Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford: Oxford University Press,
Dickson, Paul. The Great American
Ice Cream Book. New York: Galahad Books, 1972.
The Professional Pastry Chef (Third Edition). New York: Van Nostrand
Forever Summer. New York: Hyperion, 2003.
Liddell, Caroline and Weir, Robin.
Frozen Desserts. New York: St. Martin's Griffin: 1995.
Marian, John F.
The Dictionary of American Food & Drink, New Haven and New York:
Ticknor & Fields, 1983.
and Carey, Melissa. Caprial's Desserts. Berkeley: Ten Speed
Root, Waverley &
de Rochemont, Richard. Eating in America A History. New York:
William Morrow and Company, Inc. 1976.
Root, Waverley, Food. New York: A Fireside
Margaret. Much Depends on Dinner. New York: Grove Press, 1986.
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